Vine fruits are scattered in several parts of the world. Different places have varying climate and soil quality. Thus, they can thrive abundantly in certain areas but are scarce in some.
They can also cultivate outwardly or upwardly. Outward growth is when vines develop horizontally and stay close to the soil. Whereas, when these vines grow upwardly, they require a building or structure as a means of support in order to survive.
Several kinds of fruits that propagate on vines include melons, dragon fruit, grapes, passion fruit, kiwis, and vegetables.
Below is a list of 7 fruits that grow on vines and some facts about them:
These may take up a large part of your garden because their vines spread out across the ground. However, if you do not have enough space in your backyard, you can opt to let them grow upwardly. You just need to make a framework for the vines to crawl on.
These annual plants come from the Cucurbitaceae family and grow as vines. Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo), watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), and honeydew (Cucumis melo inodorus) are the usual Melon plants cultivated by many.
When growing watermelons, it is highly recommended to choose smaller varieties if you have a vertical garden. Otherwise, they will easily break off even when they are not yet ripe because they tend to become heavy.
2) Dragon Fruit
This is also known as (Hylocereus undatus). It comes from the climbing cacti family. It can use big trees as support, for it is a tropical climbing cactus that has aerial roots.
It usually weighs around 2 pounds and has a scaly appearance which adds to it exotic look. This is why it is mainly used as a decoration. It is enriched with vitamins B, C, and E. It also helps with digestion. Eating this fruit when you are pregnant or sick is a must.
These are considered the world’s main fruit crop. These are also the oldest cultivated plants. In fact, they have since been planted for about two million years ago. They come in various colors, namely red, pink, dark blue, yellow, green, black, etc.
They have around 8,000 varieties and 60 species. The most common types include the Menindee, Crimson Seedless (red), Thompson (green), and Red Globe. Their vines are commonly 50 feet in length wherein 40 clusters of grapes can be found in every vine.
These fruit vines are perennial wherein they may take a few years to fully develop. However, they are an excellent investment because they are usually sold for a high price. They can be eaten directly or can be made into luxurious wine. It is estimated that almost 2% are grown for dried fruit, 27% for fresh fruit, and 71% for wine.
They need consistent care and pruning. Needless to say, it would be beneficial if you do your research first before deciding to cultivate these fruits.
4) Passion Fruit
It is also called Maracuyá and is most commonly found in Colombia. It has different varieties and needs warm weather to survive. The leaves of the purple passionfruit (Passiflora edulis), which is a native of Brazil, have been widely used in their rainforest as a calming tonic. Meanwhile, the yellow variety is much larger and thicker.
This fruit vine is rich in dietary fiber, potassium, and vitamin A. If it is well supported, it can climb up to 15 feet. Its fruit grows 80 days after the plant blooms.
Chinese gooseberry, or famously known as the Kiwifruit, propagates best in areas that have short winters.
This is a perennial vine that needs a lot of space to grow. Its vines can spread as long as 20 feet, so you better have a massive land area if you are planning to cultivate this plant. However, they are worth it due to its delicious taste that you would really enjoy.
It comes in several varieties, specifically the baby kiwifruits (or kiwi berries) and golden Kiwifruit. This has a significant amount of vitamin C and potassium. It also has vitamin E, which is good for the skin.
This berry which is also called (Punica granatum) comes from the Middle East. It grows well in places with cool winters and hot summers. It has 760 varieties, and its tree can live for more than two centuries.
It is rich in vitamin C and is an antioxidant. Pomegranate juice is said to be effective in treating dyspepsia and may also treat individuals with leprosy, diarrhea, hemorrhages, and the like.
These are also referred to as canes. Its roots are perennial. Thus, they survive for many years. However, its parts that grow above the ground do not last for more than 24-36 months. When a cane has already bear its fruit, it should be immediately cut away. Otherwise, it will gradually die.
These vines are upwardly grown. Thus, they need a fence or support to improve their fruit quality. Blackberries and raspberries are only two of its many varieties. Blackberries are fully packed with vitamins C and K. They are also rich in manganese and fiber. Meanwhile, Raspberries have great amounts of fiber and have vitamin A, thiamine, vitamin B6, calcium, zinc, etc.
The following plants mentioned above are just a few of the fruit vines you can explore. Indeed, each has its own benefits and uses. Every plant has a unique way of thriving and needs.
Doing your research and reading books will raise your chances of being successful in propagating these plants.